Province of New Brunswick

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Kings Landing Historical Settlement, Prince William, New Brunswick
Just the Facts!

The first icecream cone invented in Sussex, NBThe inventor of the ice cream cone was born in Sussex corner- the Dairy Capital of Canada, mid-way along the Fundy Coastal Drive. Locals tell the story of baker Walter Donelly who made a bad batch of dough. He was at a loss with what to do with his hard, crispy pastry. So, he ran next door to the ice cream parlour….and the rest, as they say, is ice cream cone history.

Fish stories abound in the Miramichi River DID YOU HEAR ABOUT THE ONE THAT GOT AWAY ?
Fish stories abound in the Miramichi River in the heart of salmon country. The river boasts the best salmon fishing in the world. Just ask American test pilot Chuck Yeager and U.S. Army General Norman Schwarzkopf- two of the many famous anglers who have waded in the river.

LIGHTS, CAMERA, ACTION!!!Film mogul Louis B. Mayer grew up in Saint John
New Brunswick musicians made history in May of 1907 at the Nickel Theatre in Saint John. They were the first to accompany silent moving pictures in North America. Film mogul Louis B. Mayer grew up in Saint John. The port city has been home to several Hollywood legends, including distinguished actors Walter Pidgeon and Donald Sutherland-star of the Academy Award winning film Ordinary People.

The world's largest covered bridge was completed in Hartland, NB in 1899.The world's longest covered bridge was completed in Hartland in 1899. It's 390 metres ( 1,282 feet ) long and spans the Saint John River. There are 62 covered bridges in the province. Many of them are in the Sussex area of Kings County- the Covered Bridge Capital of Atlantic Canada. Be sure to make a wish as you drive through. (Oh, and ask one of the locals to tell you why covered bridges are called Kissing Bridges) !

The world's largest lobster lives in Shediac, NB. The world's biggest lobster "lives" in Shediac, but unfortunately he doesn't breathe. It's 10.5 metres ( 35 feet ) long, 4.5 metres ( 15 feet ) high and weighs 90 tons! And you can climb on him. Oh my homard!

The Eel River Bar, near Dalhousie on the Acadian Coastal Drive, is one of the longest natural sandbars in North America. Fresh water laps its shores on one side, salt water on the other. Talk about spin cycles.

The largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere lies off the shores of Deer Island off the southwestern mainland. It's called the Old Sow.

Next time you plant in your garden, read the label on the bag of peat moss. More than likely, it says: " Made in New Brunswick." As the second largest peat exporter in the world, the largest share of Canada's peat moss comes from the northeastern area of the province which we refer to as the Acadian Peninsula. The region's moist climate and flat terrain make it an ideal spot for harvesting peat. Every July, the people from Lamèque celebrate the harvest during the Peat Moss Festival. Be sure to visit and see how harvesters and their families decorate their properties with bales of peat.

"CYMBALYLY" FANTASTIC! The Sabian Cymbal factory in Meductic, NB is one of the first in North America.
The cymbal factory in Meductic is one of the first in North America. Musicians in over 80 countries play New Brunswick-made Sabian cymbals. Drummers for Eric Clapton, Phil Collins and Billy Joel, as well as percussionists with the Boston, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, Cleveland and New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestras won't venture on stage without their Sabian cymbals.

Arthur Ganong returned from fishing expeditions with a sticky gooey mess in his pockets. It seems that Arthur, the son of the founder of Ganongs Chocolates of St. Stephen, had a sweet tooth and would never leave on a fishing trip without a handful of chocolates in his pockets. In 1910 tired of cleaning up the melted mess, young Arthur began wrapping his chocolates in a tin foil. Soon after, Ganongs made individually-wrapped bars of chocolate and sold them for a nickel. They became the world's first chocolate bar!

Nackawic has an axe to grind. It's 15 metres ( 50 feet ) high, making it the biggest in the world. You'll find the gigantic axe in the town which depends on the logging industry for its survival just off the Trans- Canada Highway on the River Valley Scenic Drive.

Today, mahogany is one of the most expensive woods available, but in New Brunswick during the 19th century, it was actually one of the least expensive woods! Because of its heaviness, mahogany was used as ballast below the deck of sailing ships arriving at New Brunswick's many ports. The wood was then discarded dock side into the waiting hands of local furniture makers.

Wait til you hear this one. In November 1789, it seems that respected Saint John lawyer Ward Chipman received a bason stand and table specially crafted by Alexander Ross and James Hunter of Fredericton. Letters between Chipman and Hunter & Ross were found discussing details of the furniture's shipping and so on. However, the return address on one letter bears the name of Fredericton Prison. It seems Ross and Hunter were jailed for debt and the furniture was part of their payment to Chipman for legal fees. A chair made for another one of Hunter & Ross' creditors is on display at the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John.

Check those brakes! Saint John has the steepest main street in Canada. King Street has an 8 per cent grade. In other words, over the distance of two city blocks, the street rises 80 feet… ( roughly the height of an eight-storey building ). So it's no wonder people in Saint John go " uptown " to do their shopping. Oops!

DID WE SAY SQUARE ? King Square in Saint John, NB is modelled after the British Union Jack.
Despite the name, King Square is not square. It's rectangular, like a flag. In fact, if you were to hitch a ride with one of the pigeons near the bandstand, you'd see the pathways are designed to look like the Union Jack. Just a little reminder of our Loyalist roots.

At low tide, watch the Saint John River crash through a narrow gorge and tumble into the harbour. Come back at high tide and watch the same river go the other way. Serious Folks! The Bay of Fundy's incredible tides are too strong for the mighty Saint John River, forcing the waters to flow upstream twice a day, every day. Something to see with your own eyes to believe. AWESOME!!!

  1. Andrew R. Wetmore · Confederation Party 1867-1870
  2. George King · Conservative 1870-1871
  3. George L. Hatheway · Conservative 1871-1872
  4. George King · Conservative 1872-1878
  5. John James Fraser · Conservative 1878-1882
  6. Daniel Hanington · Conservative 1882-1883
  7. Andrew Blair · Liberal 1883-1896
  8. James Mitchell · Liberal 1896-1897
  9. Lemuel Tweedie · Liberal 1900-1907
  10. William Pugsley · Liberal March-April 1907
  11. Clifford Robinson · Liberal 1907-1908
  12. John Douglas Hazen · Conservative 1908-1911
  13. James K. Flemming · Conservative 1911-1914
  14. George J. Clarke · Conservative 1914-1917
  15. James A. Murray · Conservative February-April 1917
  16. Walter Foster · Liberal 1917-1923
  17. Peter J. Véniot · Liberal 1923-1925
  18. John Baxter · Conservative 1925-1931
  19. Charles D. Richards · Conservative 1931-1933
  20. Leonard Percy Tilley · Conservative 1933-1935
  21. Allison Dysart · Liberal 1935-1940
  22. John B. McNair · Liberal 1940-1952
  23. Hugh John Flemming · Conservative 1952-1960
  24. Louis J. Robichaud · Liberal 1960-1970
  25. Richard B. Hatfield · Conservative 1970-1987
  26. Frank J. McKenna · Liberal 1987-1997
  27. Camille Thériault · Liberal 1998-1999
  28. Bernard Lord · Conservative 1999-2006
  29. Shawn Graham · Liberal 2006-

Lieutenant-Governors of New Brunswick


  1. Colonel Thomas Carleton (1735-1817) Born in Ireland. Appointed 20 May 1786 at age 51 until his death in England 2 February 1817.
  2. Major General George Stracey Smyth (1767-1823) Born in England. Appointed 1 July 1817 at age 50 until his death in Government House on 27 March 1823.
  3. Sir Howard Douglas (1776-1861) Born in England. Appointed 28 August 1824 at age 47 until 8 September 1831.
  4. Major General Sir Archibald Campbell (1769-1843) Born in England. Appointed 9 September 1831 at age 62 until 1 May 1837.
  5. Sir John Harvey (1778-1852) Born in England. Appointed 1 May 1837 at age 59 until 26 April 1841.
  6. Sir William MacBean George Colebrooke (1787-1870) Born in England. Appointed 27 April 1841 at age 54 until 11 April 1848.
  7. Sir Edmund Walker Head (1805-1868) Born in England. Appointed 11 April 1848 at age 43 until 28 September 1854.
  8. Sir John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton (1814-1877) Born in England. Appointed 7 October 1854 at age 40 until 26 October 1861.
  9. Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon (1829-1912) Born in England. Appointed 26 October 1861 at age 32 until 30 September 1866.


  1. Major General Sir Charles Hastings Doyle (1804-1883) Born in England. Appointed 1 July 1867 at age 63 until 18 October 1867.
  2. Colonel Francis Pym Harding (1821-1875) Born in England. Appointed 18 October 1867 at age 46 until 22 July 1868.
  3. The Hon. Lemuel Allan Wilmot (1821-1875) Born in Sunbury County, New Brunswick. Appointed 23 July 1868 at age 57 until 15 November 1873.
  4. Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley (1818-1896) Born in Gagetown, New Brunswick. Appointed 15 November 1873 at age 55 until 11 July 1878.
  5. The Hon. Edward Barron Chandler (1800-1880) Born in Amherst, Nova Scotia. Appointed 16 July 1878 at age 78 until his death in Government House 6 February 1880.
  6. The Hon. Robert Duncan Wilmot (1809-1891) Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Appointed 11 February 1880 at age 71 until 11 November 1885.
  7. Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley (1818-1896) Born in Gagetown, New Brunswick. Re-appointed 31 October 1885 at age 67 until 21 September 1893.
  8. The Hon. John Boyd (1826-1893) Born in Ireland. Appointed 21 September 1893 at age 68 until his death (in office) 4 December 1893.
  9. The Hon. John James Fraser (1829-1896) Born in Beaubears Island, New Brunswick. Appointed 20 December 1893 at age 64 until his death (in office) in Genoa, Italy 24 November 1896.
  10. The Hon. Abner Reid McClelan (1831-1917) Born at Hopewell, New Brunswick. Appointed 9 December 1896 at age 65 until 21 January 1902.
  11. The Hon. Jabez Bunting Snowball (1837-1907) Born in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Appointed 28 January 1902 at age 65 until his death (in office) 24 February 1907.
  12. The Hon. Lemuel John Tweedie (1849-1917) Born in Chatham, New Brunswick. Appointed 5 March 1907 at age 58 until 6 March 1912.
  13. The Hon. Josiah Wood (1843-1927) Born in Sackville, New Brunswick. Appointed 6 March 1912 at age 69 until 29 June 1917.
  14. The Hon. Gilbert White Ganong (1851-1917) Born in Springfield, New Brunswick. Appointed 29 June 1917 at age 66 until his death (in office) 31 October 1917.
  15. The Hon. William Pugsley (1850-1925) Born in Sussex, New Brunswick. Appointed 6 November 1917 at age 67 until 28 February 1923.
  16. The Hon. William Frederic Todd (1854-1935) Born in St. Stephen, New Brunswick. Appointed 28 February 1923 at age 69 until 28 December 1928.
  17. Major General the Hon. Hugh Havelock McLean (1854-1938) Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Appointed 28 December 1928 at age 66 until 31 January 1935.
  18. Colonel the Hon. Murray MacLaren (1861-1942) Born in Richibucto, New Brunswick. Appointed 8 February 1935 at age 74 until 5 March 1940.
  19. The Hon. William George Clark (1865-1948) Born in Queensbury, New Brunswick. Appointed 5 March 1940 at age 75 until 1 November 1945.
  20. The Hon. David Laurence MacLaren (1893-1960) Born in Saint John, New Brunswick. Appointed 1 November 1945 at age 52 until 5 June 1958.
  21. The Hon. Joseph Leonard O'Brien (1895-1973) Born in South Nelson, New Brunswick. Appointed 22 May 1958 at age 63 until 9 June 1965.
  22. The Hon. John Babbit McNair (1889-1968) Born in Andover, New Brunswick. Appointed 9 June 1965 at age 76 until 31 January 1968.
  23. The Hon. Wallace Samuel Bird (1917-1971) Born in Marysville, New Brunswick. Appointed 1 February 1968 at age 51 until his death (in office) 2 October 1971.
  24. The Hon. Hédard Joseph Robichaud (1911-1999). Born in Shippagan, New Brunswick. Appointed 8 October 1971 at age 60 until 12 November 1981.
  25. The Hon. George Francis Gillman Stanley (1907-2002) Born in Calgary, Alberta. Appointed 23 December 1981 at age 74 until 20 August 1987.
  26. The Hon. Gilbert Finn (1920-) Born in Inkerman, New Brunswick. Appointed 14 August 1987 at age 66 until 21 June 1994.
  27. The Hon. Margaret Norrie McCain (1934-) Born in Amos, Quebec. Appointed 21 June 1994 at age 60 until 18 April 1997.
  28. The Hon. Marilyn Trenholme Counsell (1933-) Born in Baie Verte, New Brunswick. Appointed 18 April 1997 at age 63 until 26 Aug. 2003.
  29. The Hon. Herménégilde Chiasson (1946 - ). Born in Saint-Simon, New Brunswick. Appointed on Aug. 26, 2003 at age 57.

taken from – Office of the Lieutenant-Governor

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1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the coast of New Brunswick, sailing into and naming the Bay of Chaleur.
1604 - The French attempt their first settlement in North America, on St.Croix Island.
1635 - Charles de la Tour is granted large tract of land which includes Saint John Harbour.
1654 - Nicholas Denys receives commission as Governor of Acadia.
1713 - Treaty of Utrecht awards Acadia to Britain.
1751 - Fort Beauséjour is built by the French to challenge British claims on Acadia.
1755 - Fort Beauséjour is captured and renamed Fort Cumberland.
1755 - The order for the deportation of the Acadians if proclaimed.
1760 - The Battle of Restigouche, the last battle between France and Britain for possession of Canada, is waged.
1764 - Exiled Acadians are permitted to return to Nova Scotia.
1765 - Colonial government grants over half a million acres (200 000 ha) of Maliseet lands to settlers.
1783 - 7000 Loyalists land at Parr Town (Saint John).
1784 - The Province of New Brunswick is established.
1785 - Saint John becomes the first incorporated city in Canada.
1786 - The first legislature opens in Saint John.
1800 - Kings College (now University of New Brunswick) is founded.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars give tremendous boost to New Brunswick's timber industry.
1815 - 500 former slaves from the United States arrive at Saint John and settle in Loch Lomond.
1820 - The Bank of New Brunswick, the first chartered bank in Canada, is established.
1825 - The Great Miramichi Fire, which rages for nearly three weeks, leaves over 15,000 people homeless.
1826 - Saint John creates the first paid police force in Canada.
1842 - Boundary between Maine and New Brunswick settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
1854 - New Brunswick gets responsible government.
1864 - Collège Saint-Joseph opens in Memramcook.
1867 - New Brunswick enters Confederation.
1867 - First issue of Le Moniteur Acadien, first French-language newspaper in the Maritimes, is published.
1870 - Canada's first YWCA is opened in Saint John.
1875 - Grace Annie Lockhart becomes the first woman in the British Empire awarded a Bachelor's degree, from Mount Allison University.
1875 - Two men die in the Caraquet Riots over Common Schools Act.
1876 - Intercolonial Railway from New Brunswick to Montreal is completed.
1877 - The Great Fire in Saint John leaves 15,000 people homeless.
1881 - First Acadian Congress is held in Memramcook.
1884 - Acadian national flag is adopted.
1888 - Enterprise Foundry starts manufacturing stoves in Sackville.
1910 - Chocolate bar invented by Ganong brothers in St. Stephen.
1912 - Édouard LeBlanc becomes first Acadian appointed Bishop in New Brunswick.
1918 - New Brunswick creates first Department of Health in Canada.
1919 - New Brunswick women win the right to vote in provincial elections.
1927 - The Maritimes Freight Rates Act reduces rail freight rates for the Maritime Provinces.
1929 - CFBO Radio in New Brunswick hosts fiddler Don Messer's first broadcast.
1930 - Hopewell native R. B. Bennett becomes prime minister of Canada.
1932 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police assume the policing of New Brunswick.
1935 - Charles G. D. Roberts becomes the first Canadian poet to be knighted.
1938 - New Brunswick Labour Bill guarantees worker's right to form and join unions.
1944 - New Brunswick's North Shore Regiment lands at St.-Aubain, France, as part of the D-Day invasion.
1952 - A major lead-zinc deposit is discovered near Bathurst.
1960 - Louis Robichaud is the first Acadian elected premier of New Brunswick.
1963 - The Université de Moncton is founded.
1965 - New Brunswick's provincial flag is adopted.
1969 - Official Languages Act makes New Brunswick Canada's only bilingual province.
1970 - Richard Hatfield is elected Premier.
1971 - Hédard Joseph Robichaud becomes the first Acadian Lieutenant Governor.
1973 - Ron Turcotte of Grand Falls wins horse racing's Triple Crown riding the legendary Secretariat.
1979 - Antonine Maillet, Acadian author of La Sagouine and Pélagie-la-Charrette, wins the French Prix Goncourt.
1987 - The Liberal Party wins all 58 seats in the New Brunswick Legislature.
1992 - New Brunswick's status as a bilingual province is enshrined in the Canadian Constitution.
1993 - Agreement to build a bridge between New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island is signed.
1994 - Congrès Mondial Acadian (Acadian World Congress) is held in southeast New Brunswick.

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  • Highest, wildest tides in the world
  • Warmest saltwater beaches north of Virginia
  • Legendary salmon angling on the world-famous Miramichi River
  • More kinds of whales more often that anywhere else
  • Michias Seal Island (in the Bay of Fundy) is home to 900 pairs of breeding Atlantic puffins
  • Kings County is the Covered bridge capital of Canada
  • Walk the Ocean Floor
  • One of the world's largest whirlpools, the Old Sow, is seen off of Deer Island
  • Eastern seaboard's newest scenic drive touring network
  • Mount Carleton is the Maritime's highest peak
  • Outdoor adventure second to none
  • New Brunswick Winters are Pure White Gold
  • More than 900 kilometers of cross-country ski trails
  • 6,000 kilometers of unbelievable snowmobile trails
  • Annual snowfalls from 200 to 400 centimeters
  • One of the longest snowmobile seasons south of the Arctic including early spring
  • Best snow conditions in Atlantic Canada
  • With the best snowfall in the're guaranteed a great time, every time.
  • Bright light in the Atlantic salmon world
  • 50 smallmouth a day in prime time
  • Fishing boats bobbing along the wharf and six hours later sitting on the ocean floor
  • The Appalachian Range, North America's oldest mountains

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