DID YOU KNOW?
The inventor of the ice cream cone was born in Sussex
corner- the Dairy Capital of Canada, mid-way along the Fundy Coastal Drive.
Locals tell the story of baker Walter Donelly who made a bad batch of dough. He
was at a loss with what to do with his hard, crispy pastry. So, he ran next
door to the ice cream parlour
.and the rest, as they say, is ice cream
DID YOU HEAR ABOUT THE ONE THAT GOT AWAY
Fish stories abound in the Miramichi River in the heart of
salmon country. The river boasts the best salmon fishing in the world. Just ask
American test pilot Chuck Yeager and U.S. Army General Norman Schwarzkopf- two
of the many famous anglers who have waded in the river.
LIGHTS, CAMERA, ACTION!!!
Brunswick musicians made history in May of 1907 at the Nickel Theatre in Saint
John. They were the first to accompany silent moving pictures in North America.
Film mogul Louis B. Mayer grew up in Saint John. The port city has been home to
several Hollywood legends, including distinguished actors Walter Pidgeon and
Donald Sutherland-star of the Academy Award winning film Ordinary People.
world's longest covered bridge was completed in Hartland in 1899. It's 390
metres ( 1,282 feet ) long and spans the Saint John River. There are 62 covered
bridges in the province. Many of them are in the Sussex area of Kings County-
the Covered Bridge Capital of Atlantic Canada. Be sure to make a wish as you
drive through. (Oh, and ask one of the locals to tell you why covered bridges
are called Kissing Bridges) !
FOOD GLORIOUS FOOD
The world's biggest
lobster "lives" in Shediac, but unfortunately he doesn't breathe. It's 10.5
metres ( 35 feet ) long, 4.5 metres ( 15 feet ) high and weighs 90 tons! And
you can climb on him. Oh my homard!
BIGGEST BAR NONE!
The Eel River Bar, near Dalhousie on the Acadian Coastal
Drive, is one of the longest natural sandbars in North America. Fresh water
laps its shores on one side, salt water on the other. Talk about spin cycles.
The largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere
lies off the shores of Deer Island off the southwestern mainland. It's called
the Old Sow.
FOR PEAT'S SAKE!
Next time you plant in your
garden, read the label on the bag of peat moss. More than likely, it says: "
Made in New Brunswick." As the second largest peat exporter in the world, the
largest share of Canada's peat moss comes from the northeastern area of the
province which we refer to as the Acadian Peninsula. The region's moist climate
and flat terrain make it an ideal spot for harvesting peat. Every July, the
people from Lamèque celebrate the harvest during the Peat Moss Festival.
Be sure to visit and see how harvesters and their families decorate their
properties with bales of peat.
The cymbal factory in Meductic is one of the first in North America. Musicians
in over 80 countries play New Brunswick-made Sabian cymbals. Drummers for Eric
Clapton, Phil Collins and Billy Joel, as well as percussionists with the
Boston, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, Cleveland and New York Philharmonic Symphony
Orchestras won't venture on stage without their Sabian cymbals.
Arthur Ganong returned from fishing expeditions
with a sticky gooey mess in his pockets. It seems that Arthur, the son of the
founder of Ganongs Chocolates of St. Stephen, had a sweet tooth and would never
leave on a fishing trip without a handful of chocolates in his pockets. In 1910
tired of cleaning up the melted mess, young Arthur began wrapping his
chocolates in a tin foil. Soon after, Ganongs made individually-wrapped bars of
chocolate and sold them for a nickel. They became the world's first chocolate
Nackawic has an axe to
grind. It's 15 metres ( 50 feet ) high, making it the biggest in the world.
You'll find the gigantic axe in the town which depends on the logging industry
for its survival just off the Trans- Canada Highway on the River Valley Scenic
WHAT GOES AROUND COMES AROUND
is one of the most expensive woods available, but in New Brunswick during the
19th century, it was actually one of the least expensive woods! Because of its
heaviness, mahogany was used as ballast below the deck of sailing ships
arriving at New Brunswick's many ports. The wood was then discarded dock side
into the waiting hands of local furniture makers.
HOT SEAT ?
Wait til you hear this one. In
November 1789, it seems that respected Saint John lawyer Ward Chipman received
a bason stand and table specially crafted by Alexander Ross and James Hunter of
Fredericton. Letters between Chipman and Hunter & Ross were found
discussing details of the furniture's shipping and so on. However, the return
address on one letter bears the name of Fredericton Prison. It seems Ross and
Hunter were jailed for debt and the furniture was part of their payment to
Chipman for legal fees. A chair made for another one of Hunter & Ross'
creditors is on display at the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John.
DOWNTOWN IS ACTUALLY UPTOWN
Check those brakes! Saint John
has the steepest main street in Canada. King Street has an 8 per cent grade. In
other words, over the distance of two city blocks, the street rises 80
( roughly the height of an eight-storey building ). So it's no
wonder people in Saint John go " uptown " to do their shopping. Oops!
WE SAY SQUARE ?
the name, King Square is not square. It's rectangular, like a flag. In fact, if
you were to hitch a ride with one of the pigeons near the bandstand, you'd see
the pathways are designed to look like the Union Jack. Just a little reminder
of our Loyalist roots.
A RIVER RUNS BACKWARDS
tide, watch the Saint John River crash through a narrow gorge and tumble into
the harbour. Come back at high tide and watch the same river go the other way.
Serious Folks! The Bay of Fundy's incredible tides are too strong for the
mighty Saint John River, forcing the waters to flow upstream twice a day, every
day. Something to see with your own eyes to believe. AWESOME!!!
- Andrew R. Wetmore · Confederation
- George King · Conservative
- George L. Hatheway · Conservative
- George King · Conservative
- John James Fraser · Conservative
- Daniel Hanington · Conservative
- Andrew Blair · Liberal 1883-1896
- James Mitchell · Liberal
- Lemuel Tweedie · Liberal 1900-1907
- William Pugsley · Liberal
- Clifford Robinson · Liberal
- John Douglas Hazen · Conservative
- James K. Flemming · Conservative
- George J. Clarke · Conservative
- James A. Murray · Conservative
- Walter Foster · Liberal
- Peter J. Véniot · Liberal
- John Baxter · Conservative
- Charles D. Richards ·
- Leonard Percy Tilley ·
- Allison Dysart · Liberal
- John B. McNair · Liberal
- Hugh John Flemming · Conservative
- Louis J. Robichaud · Liberal
- Richard B. Hatfield · Conservative
- Frank J. McKenna · Liberal
- Camille Thériault · Liberal
- Bernard Lord · Conservative
- Shawn Graham · Liberal
Lieutenant-Governors of New Brunswick
- Colonel Thomas Carleton
(1735-1817) Born in Ireland. Appointed 20 May 1786 at age 51 until his death in
England 2 February 1817.
- Major General George Stracey
Smyth (1767-1823) Born in England. Appointed 1 July 1817 at age 50 until
his death in Government House on 27 March 1823.
- Sir Howard Douglas (1776-1861)
Born in England. Appointed 28 August 1824 at age 47 until 8 September 1831.
- Major General Sir Archibald
Campbell (1769-1843) Born in England. Appointed 9 September 1831 at age 62
until 1 May 1837.
- Sir John Harvey (1778-1852) Born
in England. Appointed 1 May 1837 at age 59 until 26 April 1841.
- Sir William MacBean George
Colebrooke (1787-1870) Born in England. Appointed 27 April 1841 at age 54
until 11 April 1848.
- Sir Edmund Walker Head
(1805-1868) Born in England. Appointed 11 April 1848 at age 43 until 28
- Sir John Henry Thomas
Manners-Sutton (1814-1877) Born in England. Appointed 7 October 1854 at age
40 until 26 October 1861.
- Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon
(1829-1912) Born in England. Appointed 26 October 1861 at age 32 until 30
- Major General Sir Charles Hastings
Doyle (1804-1883) Born in England. Appointed 1 July 1867 at age 63 until 18
- Colonel Francis Pym Harding
(1821-1875) Born in England. Appointed 18 October 1867 at age 46 until 22
- The Hon. Lemuel Allan Wilmot
(1821-1875) Born in Sunbury County, New Brunswick. Appointed 23 July 1868
at age 57 until 15 November 1873.
- Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley
(1818-1896) Born in Gagetown, New Brunswick. Appointed 15 November 1873 at age
55 until 11 July 1878.
- The Hon. Edward Barron Chandler
(1800-1880) Born in Amherst, Nova Scotia. Appointed 16 July 1878 at age 78
until his death in Government House 6 February 1880.
- The Hon. Robert Duncan Wilmot
(1809-1891) Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Appointed 11 February 1880
at age 71 until 11 November 1885.
- Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley
(1818-1896) Born in Gagetown, New Brunswick. Re-appointed 31 October 1885 at
age 67 until 21 September 1893.
- The Hon. John Boyd (1826-1893)
Born in Ireland. Appointed 21 September 1893 at age 68 until his death (in
office) 4 December 1893.
- The Hon. John James Fraser
(1829-1896) Born in Beaubears Island, New Brunswick. Appointed 20 December
1893 at age 64 until his death (in office) in Genoa, Italy 24 November
- The Hon. Abner Reid McClelan
(1831-1917) Born at Hopewell, New Brunswick. Appointed 9 December 1896 at age
65 until 21 January 1902.
- The Hon. Jabez Bunting Snowball
(1837-1907) Born in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Appointed 28 January 1902 at
age 65 until his death (in office) 24 February 1907.
- The Hon. Lemuel John Tweedie
(1849-1917) Born in Chatham, New Brunswick. Appointed 5 March 1907 at age
58 until 6 March 1912.
- The Hon. Josiah Wood (1843-1927)
Born in Sackville, New Brunswick. Appointed 6 March 1912 at age 69 until 29
- The Hon. Gilbert White Ganong
(1851-1917) Born in Springfield, New Brunswick. Appointed 29 June 1917 at
age 66 until his death (in office) 31 October 1917.
- The Hon. William Pugsley
(1850-1925) Born in Sussex, New Brunswick. Appointed 6 November 1917 at age 67
until 28 February 1923.
- The Hon. William Frederic Todd
(1854-1935) Born in St. Stephen, New Brunswick. Appointed 28 February 1923 at
age 69 until 28 December 1928.
- Major General the Hon. Hugh Havelock
McLean (1854-1938) Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Appointed 28
December 1928 at age 66 until 31 January 1935.
- Colonel the Hon. Murray MacLaren
(1861-1942) Born in Richibucto, New Brunswick. Appointed 8 February 1935 at age
74 until 5 March 1940.
- The Hon. William George Clark
(1865-1948) Born in Queensbury, New Brunswick. Appointed 5 March 1940 at
age 75 until 1 November 1945.
- The Hon. David Laurence MacLaren
(1893-1960) Born in Saint John, New Brunswick. Appointed 1 November 1945 at age
52 until 5 June 1958.
- The Hon. Joseph Leonard O'Brien
(1895-1973) Born in South Nelson, New Brunswick. Appointed 22 May 1958 at age
63 until 9 June 1965.
- The Hon. John Babbit McNair
(1889-1968) Born in Andover, New Brunswick. Appointed 9 June 1965 at age 76
until 31 January 1968.
- The Hon. Wallace Samuel Bird
(1917-1971) Born in Marysville, New Brunswick. Appointed 1 February 1968 at
age 51 until his death (in office) 2 October 1971.
- The Hon. Hédard Joseph
Robichaud (1911-1999). Born in Shippagan, New Brunswick. Appointed 8
October 1971 at age 60 until 12 November 1981.
- The Hon. George Francis Gillman
Stanley (1907-2002) Born in Calgary, Alberta. Appointed 23 December 1981 at
age 74 until 20 August 1987.
- The Hon. Gilbert Finn (1920-) Born
in Inkerman, New Brunswick. Appointed 14 August 1987 at age 66 until 21 June
- The Hon. Margaret Norrie McCain
(1934-) Born in Amos, Quebec. Appointed 21 June 1994 at age 60 until 18 April
- The Hon. Marilyn Trenholme Counsell
(1933-) Born in Baie Verte, New Brunswick. Appointed 18 April 1997 at age
63 until 26 Aug. 2003.
- The Hon. Herménégilde
Chiasson (1946 - ). Born in Saint-Simon, New Brunswick. Appointed on Aug.
26, 2003 at age 57.
Office of the
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN HISTORY
1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the coast of New
Brunswick, sailing into and naming the Bay of Chaleur.
1604 - The French attempt their first settlement in
North America, on St.Croix Island.
- Charles de la Tour is granted large tract of land which includes Saint John
1654 - Nicholas Denys receives
commission as Governor of Acadia.
Treaty of Utrecht awards Acadia to Britain.
1751 - Fort Beauséjour is built by the French
to challenge British claims on Acadia.
1755 - Fort Beauséjour is captured and
renamed Fort Cumberland.
1755 - The
order for the deportation of the Acadians if proclaimed.
1760 - The Battle of Restigouche, the last battle
between France and Britain for possession of Canada, is waged.
1764 - Exiled Acadians are permitted to return to
1765 - Colonial government
grants over half a million acres (200 000 ha) of Maliseet lands to
1783 - 7000 Loyalists land at
Parr Town (Saint John).
1784 - The
Province of New Brunswick is established.
1785 - Saint John becomes the first incorporated
city in Canada.
1786 - The first
legislature opens in Saint John.
Kings College (now University of New Brunswick) is founded.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars give tremendous boost to New
Brunswick's timber industry.
1815 - 500
former slaves from the United States arrive at Saint John and settle in Loch
1820 - The Bank of New
Brunswick, the first chartered bank in Canada, is established.
1825 - The Great Miramichi Fire, which rages for
nearly three weeks, leaves over 15,000 people homeless.
1826 - Saint John creates the first paid police
force in Canada.
1842 - Boundary
between Maine and New Brunswick settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
1854 - New Brunswick gets responsible
1864 - Collège
Saint-Joseph opens in Memramcook.
- New Brunswick enters Confederation.
1867 - First issue of Le Moniteur Acadien,
first French-language newspaper in the Maritimes, is published.
1870 - Canada's first YWCA is opened in Saint John.
1875 - Grace Annie Lockhart becomes the
first woman in the British Empire awarded a Bachelor's degree, from Mount
1875 - Two men die
in the Caraquet Riots over Common Schools Act.
1876 - Intercolonial Railway from New Brunswick to
Montreal is completed.
1877 - The Great
Fire in Saint John leaves 15,000 people homeless.
1881 - First Acadian Congress is held in Memramcook.
1884 - Acadian national flag is
1888 - Enterprise Foundry
starts manufacturing stoves in Sackville.
1910 - Chocolate bar invented by Ganong brothers in
1912 - Édouard
LeBlanc becomes first Acadian appointed Bishop in New Brunswick.
1918 - New Brunswick creates first Department of
Health in Canada.
1919 - New Brunswick
women win the right to vote in provincial elections.
1927 - The Maritimes Freight Rates Act reduces rail
freight rates for the Maritime Provinces.
1929 - CFBO Radio in New Brunswick hosts fiddler Don Messer's first
1930 - Hopewell native R. B.
Bennett becomes prime minister of Canada.
1932 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police assume the
policing of New Brunswick.
Charles G. D. Roberts becomes the first Canadian poet to be knighted.
1938 - New Brunswick Labour Bill
guarantees worker's right to form and join unions.
1944 - New Brunswick's North Shore Regiment lands at
St.-Aubain, France, as part of the D-Day invasion.
1952 - A major lead-zinc deposit is discovered near
1960 - Louis Robichaud is the
first Acadian elected premier of New Brunswick.
1963 - The Université de Moncton is founded.
1965 - New Brunswick's provincial flag
1969 - Official Languages
Act makes New Brunswick Canada's only bilingual province.
1970 - Richard Hatfield is elected Premier.
1971 - Hédard Joseph Robichaud
becomes the first Acadian Lieutenant Governor.
1973 - Ron Turcotte of Grand Falls wins horse
racing's Triple Crown riding the legendary Secretariat.
1979 - Antonine Maillet, Acadian author of La
Sagouine and Pélagie-la-Charrette, wins the French Prix
1987 - The Liberal Party wins
all 58 seats in the New Brunswick Legislature.
1992 - New Brunswick's status as a bilingual
province is enshrined in the Canadian Constitution.
1993 - Agreement to build a bridge between New
Brunswick and Prince Edward Island is signed.
1994 - Congrès Mondial Acadian (Acadian World
Congress) is held in southeast New Brunswick.
FACTS ABOUT NEW BRUNSWICK
- Highest, wildest tides in the
- Warmest saltwater beaches north of
- Legendary salmon angling on the
world-famous Miramichi River
- More kinds of whales more often that
- Michias Seal Island (in the Bay of Fundy)
is home to 900 pairs of breeding Atlantic puffins
- Kings County is the Covered bridge
capital of Canada
- Walk the Ocean Floor
- One of the world's largest whirlpools,
the Old Sow, is seen off of Deer Island
- Eastern seaboard's newest scenic drive
- Mount Carleton is the Maritime's highest
- Outdoor adventure second to
- New Brunswick Winters are Pure White
- More than 900 kilometers of cross-country
- 6,000 kilometers of unbelievable
- Annual snowfalls from 200 to 400
- One of the longest snowmobile seasons
south of the Arctic including early spring
- Best snow conditions in Atlantic
- With the best snowfall in the
Maritimes...you're guaranteed a great time, every time.
- Bright light in the Atlantic salmon
- 50 smallmouth a day in prime
- Fishing boats bobbing along the wharf and
six hours later sitting on the ocean floor
- The Appalachian Range, North America's