The old City Hall -
including the city office, council chamber, magistrate's office, jail, farmers
market and opera house - was erected on Phoenix Square in
Mayor George F. Fenety donated his salary to
initiate a fund-raising drive for a tower clock. Its eight-foot dials, copper
hands and reliable chimes have been keeping downtown businesses and customers
in line ever since. The fountain in front of City Hall, Mayor Fenety's second
term project, was constructed in 1885.
City Hall's Opera
House functions ceased in the 1940's and the Council Chamber was moved to the
second floor. With the construction of the Boyce Market on George St. in 1952
the Farmers' Market found a new home, leaving the Police Department and lockup
alone in the basement/street level.
Even with the opera
singers and farmers gone, City Hall was still crowded, so plans were made for
an administrative wing. Architects carefully designed the addition to make it
as compatible as possible with the original City Hall. Construction began in
September 1975 and included interior renovations and exterior restoration of
the original building. It was complete by the summer of l977, and Fredericton
had a modern facility for civic administration in a building that retained the
integrity and character that is so much a part of the city's
of Fredericton in Tapestries - In honour of Fredericton's 2OOth birthday as
Capital of New Brunswick, two local artists - Mrs. Gertrude Duffie and Dr. Ivan
H. Crowell - created a unique series of tapestries depicting Fredericton's
history. Based on Dr. W. Ausfin Squires' book - Fredericton: The last 200
Years, the tapestries are permanently displayed in the City Hall Council
A portrait of Prince Frederick, Duke of York and
second son of King George III, for whom our city is named, was hung in the
Chamber in 1985.
Council Chamber Tours are available mid
May through mid October, seven days a week. English tours daily at 9:30am and
3:30pm. French tours daily at 9am and 4pm. By appointment for the remainder of
hte year. Special events take place from time to time in the council chambers,
which may result in public tours being cancelled. Groups are asked to book
ahead. For information call (506) 460-2129 ;
firstname.lastname@example.org or visit
As you walk down (as the river flows) Queen St. from City Hall,
the Justice Building is on your left at the corner of York. Set back behind an
iron and stone fence, and framed by stately shade trees, it marks the beginning
of the old Fredericton Military Compound. The two blocks bounded by York and
Regent Streets, and between Queen St. and the river contain a rich
In 1827, a 34 x 37 foot Military Hospital with
four, six-bed wards was constructed in stone on the site now partly occupied by
the Justice Building. In 1875, the hospital and accessory building were removed
to permit construction of the Provincial Normal School. That building was
destroyed by fire in 1929, but was rebuilt on the same site. The original
annex, which survived the fire, later housed the model
When a new Teachers' College was built on the
University of New Brunswick campus in 1965, the old building served as part of
Fredericton High. After 1970, it was remodelled to house law courts and renamed
the Justice Building. Tours are unavailable.
Building contains three additional points of
Gallery Connexion, a non-profit artist- run
centre showing contemporary and experimental art, may be accessed by entering
the door located off the York St. Car Park. Hours are Tues-Fri 12-4pm; Sun
2-4pm Tel: 506 454-1433.
Enter the east annex door (next
to the Craft College) to visit the School Days Museum. The museum contains an
eclectic collection of artifacts, archival material, books and furniture used
in the public schools, teacher training, and Department of Education in New
Brunswick, dating as far back as the early 19th century.
Hours: June 1 to
August 31 - Monday to Friday l0am to 4pm, Saturday and Sunday 1pm to 4pm.
September 1 to 30 - Monday to Friday 1pm to 4pm. October 1 to May 31, by
appointment only. Tel: 506 459-3738.
The studios of Dance
Fredericton are also located within the building and visitors are welcome to
observe any of the daily scheduled dance classes. Programs include classical
ballet, modem dance, jazz and creative movement. Tel: 506 457-2538.
Next to the Justice Building
is the New Brunswick College of Craft and Design. Established in 1938 with
itinerant craft training activities, this institution has formalized into an
internationally recognized post - secondary educational
It is unique in Canada by offering both
Diploma and Certificate programs in the largest variety of training in craft
and design disciplines. Studies may be undertaken in Clay, Metal, Photography,
Fabric Surface Design, Textiles, Fashion, Native Arts, and Creative Graphics,
along with emphasis on drawing, and design. Many artists, crafts people and
College alumnae participate in visiting artist workshops held throughout the
New Brunswick's enviable reputation for
fine crafts is attributed to the presence of the College of Craft and Design,
which encourages imagination and innovation. Fredericton enjoys the highest per
capita number of resident practising crafts people in
From September to June, group tours may be
arranged by calling (506) 453-2305.
A little farther down the
block on Queen, the old Soldiers' Barracks sits almost on the corner of
Carleton, with its back to Queen. A bronze plaque honours the 104th Regiment.
With remarkably few casualties, six of its companies made a 700-mile, 52-day
march to Quebec and Kingston between February and April of
Turn left on Carleton Street and enter the Old
British Military Compound through the iron gate. Fredericton's Military
Compound originally consisted of the two-block area bounded by Queen, King,
Campbell, and Regent Streets. British troops were garrisoned here from 1784
until 1869. The first buildings on this site were replaced by stone
The Soldiers' Barracks is an 1827 three storey
stone structure built by the British Army to accommodate more than 200 British
soldiers. One barrack room has been restored to illustrate the building's
original use. Life was crowded - 19 soldiers to a room - they slept on iron
beds; wooden pegs and shelves held their belongings, a table and wooden benches
were the only other furniture.
A soldier's food was
mediocre at best, he was lonely and often over-indulged in alcohol, and his
punishment for misdemeanors was harsh. Despite these conditions, a history of
the 22nd Cheshire Regiment stationed here from 1866 to 1869 says all ranks
looked back on Fredericton as an ideal station. Most of the rooms in the
barracks are now home to the Province's Archaeology Branch and its
Don't set your watch by the sundial outside
the east wall of the Soldiers' Barracks. Although it is a faithful
reconstruction of the original sundial which told the time to the citizens of
Fredericton in the 19th and early 20th centuries and accurately displays local
apparent solar time (LAST), this differs by up to 16 minutes from local mean
solar time (LMST). An explanation on how to read the sundial is mounted on the
end wall of the barrack building.
The Military Compound
Board was declared a National Historic Site in 1964, and in 1965 was designated
by the Province of New Brunswick as a protected Provincial Historical Site.
Tours are conducted in English or French by guides stationed at the Guard
House. Tel: 506 460-2939.
the 1828 Guard House, turn left on Carleton. (A disastrous fire destroyed the
original Guard House and Cells and 9 other buildings.) The restored Orderly
Room in the Guard House, with its nominal rolls and leave passes, looks much as
it did in 1829 when it was first occupied by the 1st Battalion of the Rifle
The Guard Room was home to the 12-man Main Guard,
and a private soldier in an infantry regiment of 1828-1869 could expect to be
detailed for either Night Guard or Day Guard at least twice a month. When not
pacing his beat, he was permitted to rest by reclining in his full kit on a
Guard Bed of hard planks, covered with a thin straw pallaise (mattress). The
Guard Room looks as it did in 1866, when the 15th Regiment used the muskets,
uniforms and equipment on display.
The cell block
originally contained seven cells - windowless stone and brick cubicles with an
air-hole of about 10 inches diameter in the outer wall. In very cold weather,
the luckless inmates were provided with wooden plugs to reduce the winter
blasts. In 1847, the Cell Block was modified to contain five enlarged cells,
barred windows and an escape proof ventilation system. The Cell Block reveals
conditions as they were in 1848.
Visitors are welcome to
visit when the Guard House is open - early June to Labour Day (l0am to 6pm).
Admission is free, and tours are conducted by a guide wearing the red-coated
uniform of the old British l5th Regiment. Special evening tours (for groups)
can be arranged by calling in advance. Tel: 506 460-2939.
The Militia Arms Store, the only wooden
structure of the original four to be found on the Military Compound, was built
in 1832 to house military weapons and ammunition for the Royal New Brunswick
Regiment. In 1882, a rear addition renovated the building for use as a Military
Hospital. It has also been used as a liquor warehouse, temperance hall, and
caretaker's residence for the adjacent armories.